At that time, Israel was at war with the Philistines.
Israelites had brought the Ark of the covenant into the battleground,
thinking God will be with them
and fight for them.
When Philistines saw the Ark of the covenant,
So they fought desperately,
and Israel was defeated
Even worse, the Ark was captured.
ever since they placed the Ark into the tample of Dagon, their idol.
the Philistines were having plagues of tumors all around
for God afflicted them.
After 7 months of disaster within Philistia,
the Philistines returned the Ark back to Israelites.
And the Philistines did not invade Israel for long time.
Thoughout Samuel's lifetime,
God protected Israel from the Philistines' attack.
Samuel continued as Israel's judge for the rest of his life.